A condenser is the most fundamental part of any maker which supplies cooling– an air conditioner or a fridge. It is an essential part of an air conditioner. Aluminium and Copper condensers have different properties, and they boost the air conditioning unit. Which one is much better to utilize? However, we will get to that quickly; first, let us describe what a condenser is before proceeding.
What Is A Condenser?
A condenser is responsible for launching heat that the cooling system has absorbed from inside the room to the outdoor environment of the space. Therefore, the condenser and the coil’s product inside it, the fins, and the fan are the real heroes of your air conditioner, which exist in the external system of the split air conditioner device. What we term as the material of a condenser is actually the material of the coil being used inside the condenser.
A. Types of Condensers
The condenser’s product is crucial because the external system stays outside your space and goes through layers of dust and rain, and remains in extreme conditions; and therefore needs to be made from exceptional quality products to avoid rusting and increase the longevity of the product. There are various kinds of condensers available in your typical device, which could be air-cooled, water-cooled, or evaporatively cooled in nature. The air-cooled condensers suck the heat out and eject it into the external environment. In contrast, the water-cooled condensers are generally used in pool and condenser pipes and are more challenging to tidy than the air-cooled ones. The evaporative cooled condensers utilize both air and water-cooled condensers, have greater performance, and are more energy-efficient. Condensers are usually readily available in three materials– copper, aluminium, and aluminium alloy.
B. How Does A Condenser Work In An AC?
A condenser is generally a device that turns the gases into a liquid to eject them out of the machine. An air conditioner with such a condenser is fitted with a coil that has a gaseous coolant. The main job of any condenser or metal coil in the air conditioner is to exchange heat, due to which your room can be cooled off. What takes place is, electricity passes through the condenser system and makes it (the coolant in the condenser coil) absorb the heat, heat, and humidity from space’s atmospheric air and draws it out with the assistance of the fan.
Split ac systems are made of the same fundamental parts: a condenser cabinet consisting of a condenser coil (which varies from metal to metal), a compressor, a fan, and other numerous controls. The condenser coils are normally made of copper tubing with aluminium fins or aluminium tubing, or aluminium alloy tubing to be quickly moved and ejected. The condenser fan is an extremely important part of the device, and it circulates the air into the coil, helping in heat transfer.
Distinction Between Copper And Aluminium Condensers
A. Heat Conductivity
The heat transfer occurs in the coils, so the metal in the coil must be geared up to have improved heat moving homes. The high heat transfer coefficient of the copper enables it to transfer heat faster than any other metal. Therefore, purchasing an air conditioner with a copper coil in the condenser will cool your room much faster. Copper as a material is a bit costlier than aluminium, and for that reason, your air conditioning system will cost more than average.
As pointed out previously, if you’re positioned in a location where there is a great deal of humidity, or if it is closer to the sea, the warm weather condition can actually form a layer of rust and dirt on the coils of the condenser and decrease the heat transfer procedure and ultimately harm it. Copper condensers are simpler to clean than aluminium condensers, and copper condensers can be cleaned if worn away; however, aluminium condensers must be replaced if there is any rust. To stop the condenser from corroding, routine maintenance is required, which is a lengthy task for most of us.
Both the metals (copper and aluminium) are extremely easily recyclable; copper extraction is not precisely an extremely ecologically responsible task. It produces numerous acidic gases that can possibly ruin crops, degrade land quality, and damage buildings. On the other hand, aluminium is a greener metal due to its cost, easy access, long life, and resilience.
In addition to the condenser type, the inclusion of inverter technology also plays a part in ensuring the environmental friendliness of an air conditioning unit. Inverter air conditioners are efficient with their functioning and smartly use optimum electrical energy representing the thermostat settings. Discover more about these here: Inverter vs non-inverter a/c unit.
D. Tensile Strength
Copper has a greater tensile strength which is roughly 40% higher than aluminium. This indicates that aluminium is a lot more prone to breaking due to its being breakable than copper. A copper condenser is a much better investment in terms of longevity as it has more tensile strength than aluminium condenser coils.
Aluminium is more flexible and flexible than copper, so an aluminium condenser is more affordable than copper. You would require 3 times the typical quantity of copper to replicate an aluminium coil, which increases the expense. Usually, copper condensers need far more work due to them not being so flexible in nature, thus increasing the production cost and, as a result, increasing the end product rate. Makers are decreasing the density of the copper coils to bring down the production cost.
Aluminium, in general, is not extremely long-lasting as compared to copper. When harmed, the aluminium coils need to be changed, whereas copper condensers can bear the damp weather condition, moisture, water, air and still function effectively if kept under excellent maintenance. It can be repaired and reused appropriately and does not require much replacement to work. Copper is absolutely much more durable a metal than aluminium.
It is much harder to maintain an aluminium condenser than a copper condenser, mainly since aluminium condensers need to be housed inside a heavy-duty cabinet secured from deterioration. Copper condensers can easily be serviced upon to be cleaned up, and it is simple to get rid of the rust; for the most part, however, if your aluminium coil gets rusted, you will have no other choice to replace it. For that reason, maintenance of the copper condenser is easier.
This element, however, has a direct impact on the rate of the unit. Copper condenser air conditioning systems are more expensive than aluminium equivalents. Premium brands including Daikin, Carrier, Voltas, Lloyd tend to rate designs higher than many other options offered.
Aluminium Condenser vs Copper Condenser: Which Is Better?
An aluminium metal condenser coil is much greener, more affordable, pliable, and eventually will not burn a hole in your pocket when compared to a copper condenser coil. Nevertheless, due to its increased durability, simple maintenance, resilience, high tensile strength, and anti-corroding homes, copper is a better choice despite being not so easy on the pocket, all of these point make copper the go to choice when it comes to top brands such as Voltas, Sanyo, Blue Star, Pansonic, and other top brands. This is because your air conditioner is going to be a one-time financial investment. Instead of purchasing the very best quality, it will be much more pricey if you need to keep changing malfunctioning parts constantly. It will be much more pricey than originally buying the one with a copper condenser. A copper condenser is quickly the better choice since it is a value for money offer and will be incredibly long-lasting without you having to stress over it.
Choosing an air conditioner with the proper condenser type can be challenging for most of us because many brand-new technologies are readily available in the market. We primarily do not know which one will fit our needs the best. However, with the right guide and pros and cons listed for each little point while comparing the aluminium and copper condensers, you can easily make the proper choice for your family and what will be an excellent fit for you. Pleased shopping!